History and Overview

Stagedoor Manor: A Brief History

Before there was Glee or American Idol, there was Stagedoor Manor, a theater camp in the Catskills where casting directors came to find the next generation of stars. It’s where Natalie Portman, Robert Downey Jr., Ansel Elgort, Lea Michele, Jon Cryer and many others got their start as kids. Since 1976, a new crop of campers have stepped onto these stages each summer to begin an intense, thrilling and magical introduction to professional theater. Every three weeks, 14 full-scale productions come to life. The faculty – all seasoned professionals – demand adult-size dedication and performances from the kids. But where did it begin?

The Early Days

Stagedoor Manor has its roots in a camp called Beginners Showcase, which launched in 1967. The camp was in disarray when one of the employees reached out to her friend Carl Samuelson (a builder in New Rochelle) and his wife Elsie. Carl came to visit, took a tour of the camp and had an epiphany: he wanted to open a theater camp. He’d never worked in theater before and his two daughters, Cindy and Debra, described it as “running away with the circus.”

What would make a businessman like Carl Samuelson invest in such a crazy project? In short, Jack Romano—a charismatic Cuban immigrant who served as the camp’s first artistic director. Carl observed Jack teaching a small class of children about character development and motivation and he recognized Jack as a fascinating, hypnotic teacher. Carl hired him to run a new camp he’d call Stagedoor Manor. He’d open it in the Catskills, on the grounds of the Karmel Hotel in Loch Sheldrake, New York.


Though the erstwhile hotel was dank and musty, Carl recognized something essential in the place: it had space for theaters. The barn, the nightclub, the health club—all three could be converted into performance venues. Jack ran the artistic program, Carl concerned himself with the business, and Elsie saw to the safety of the children.

From the start, what set the camp apart was its ideology: The Stagedoor ethos was learn by doing. Jack made young actors feel special, and he always told the kids, “You have to be superhuman.

“He didn’t want to see people grinning from ear to ear, belting their brains out with nothing behind it,” says one former camper. “He wanted you to dig deep.” His creative vision and educational ethos – unorthodox yet highly effective – influenced the early work of artists like Robert Downey Jr, Jeanine Tesori (Shrek, Fun Home, Kimberly Akimbo), and Amy Ryan (Gone Baby Gone).

The Middle Years

An August 6, 1987 segment on CNN’s Showbiz Today presaged a new era. “We have no flagpole,” Carl says in the TV piece. “Our camp song is all the songs that have ever been written for Broadway. And we had 250 fabulously talented kids. Kids who love theater.” The camera cut to a young camper who was about the depart Loch Sheldrake for a part in Les Miserables on Broadway.

There was a new vibe: This is place where things are happening.

Stagedoor Manor went from a summertime pursuit to an investment in a child’s future. Although Jack Romano passed away in 1991, the program remained intact. Carl was an expert businessman and he help spread the story of Stagedoor Manor far beyond Loch Sheldrake. Soon singer Mandy Moore, Zach Braff, and a young Natalie Portman found themselves representing the next generation of Stagedoor campers.

Despite the press attention and boldface names, Elsie’s focus never changed: She was there to take care of the children. She had her own desk in the camp’s office where she surrounded herself with postcards and pictures of former campers. For a generation of campers, Carl and Elsie Samuelson were surrogate grandparents. And Stagedoor had become more than a camp to thousands of young people. It had become a place they called home.

A New Era

The Samuelson daughters—Cindy and Debra—had visited Loch Sheldrake often in the thirty years since their parents woke up one day in 1975 and decided to open a theater camp. Cindy was an accomplished Boston artist and Debra was a successful lawyer working in New York City. They both had fond memories of Stagedoor Manor and a growing attachment to theater. Although neither had expressed much interest in taking over the business, after their parents died, that’s exactly what happened.

In the beginning, the improvements the daughters made were largely cosmetic, replacing seven roofs and making a significant investment in buildings and rooms. Bigger projects soon followed. In the winter of 2007, Cindy and Debra converted Stagedoor’s little-used indoor pool into a high-end theater—a massive, million-dollar undertaking. A few years later, an outdoor theater – The Forum – was given a monumental upgrade, with a proper roof and new stage added so that performances would never be rained out again. The camp’s kitchen was completely renovated, and the costume shop was dramatically expanded from a modest one-room operation to a meticulously organized archive. The result of their dedication is clear: At Stagedoor Manor, amazing things are always happening.

As Stagedoor has grown, so has its legacy. Stagedoor alumni are successful in every part of the entertainment industry, and they look out for one another. As film director Shawn Levy says of Stagedoor’s reputation in the industry, “If someone plays that Stagedoor card…that’s the equivalent of the secret handshake.”

Stagedoor is not just a place to be discovered. It’s now a place for major entertainment corporations to workshop new material. In 2006, Disney Theatricals began the long process of repurposing the mega-hit movie High School Musical for the stage. Would it work? Would it need more songs? To find out, Disney turned to Stagedoor for a trial run. These opportunities are now a part of the camp’s DNA. In 2007, campers at Stagedoor participated in a new MTI High Schools adaptation of Sweeney Todd, with Stephen Sondehim himself e-mailing changes to the score. In November 2009, Stagedoor made its first of several appearances in the famed Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.

Carl’s slogan had been, “The only summer camp of its kind.” But Stagedoor Manor has become more than a camp. After over 45 years, it has become a foundation for young people interested in making their mark on American theatre.

While professional opportunities have increased exponentially, Cindy and Debra have worked to maintain balance for the campers. Making decisions, they always ask “How is this going to impact the kids?”

Because, as Cindy often says, “Stagedoor is a family, not a business.”


Summers at Stagedoor are always exciting and many feature once-in-a-lifetime educational experiences!

Stagedoor produced the world-premiere production of Disney’s High School Musical. In partnership with Music Theatre International and the original creators, Stagedoor was the first to produce a one-time workshop School Edition of the international hit Avenue Q. We were also fortunate to produce a pilot production of RENT School Edition (which Stagedoor helped develop over two summers), the first MTI workshop production of Sweeney Todd School Edition, and the first workshop productions of the student editions of both Mean Girls and Wild Party.


In 2012, Stagedoor Manor received the Theatre Arts Education Award from the Theatre Museum, celebrating outstanding achievement in theatre. “When you consider the top training grounds for theatre, Stagedoor Manor has to be among the best, “ said Theatre Museum president Helen Marie Guditis. She added, “The Theatre Museum is proud to be honoring an organization that has contributed so much to the performing arts.”

Education, Diversity, & Accessibility

At Stagedoor Manor, we have always been committed to Education, Diversity, and Accessibility.

We recognize that we must continually listen, learn, and change as we lead and grow.  In light of this, we have come together to align on a set of commitments and intiatives to make Stagedoor a home for everyone of all backgrounds. 

Read more about our commitments here.

College Connections

College Connections is a program created to introduce Stagedoor Manor’s current Juniors and Seniors to college alumni who have successfully completed the college application process and are enrolled at colleges and universities around the world – and eager to share their knowledge! Students (and parents!) have discovered that applying for college theater programs can be confusing and challenging, and we hope that College Connections can assist current Juniors and Seniors in making a successful transition.

Which college should you apply to? Which program is best for you? How do you even start the process? Stagedoor Manor alumni partner with currently enrolled Juniors and Seniors and share their first-hand information and experiences. The audition process can be overwhelming. We’re here to help – and connect you with a friendly guide who will assist you one-on-one. For more information, email our College Connections team!

Adapted from the book Theater Geek: The Real Life Drama of a Summer At Stagedoor Manor, by Mickey Rapkin.

Mickey Rapkin is the author of Pitch Perfect. His book, Theatre Geek, is an inside look at Stagedoor Manor and its history.